In the foregoing sections of this Cyclopedia numerous illustrative examples are worked out in detail in order to show the application of the various methods and principles. Accompanying these are examples for practice which will aid the reader in fixing the principles in mind. In the following pages are given a large number of test questions and problems which afford a valuable means of testing the reader's knowledge of the subjects treated. They will be found excellent practice for those preparing for College, Civil Service, or Engineer's License.
In some cases numerical answers are given as a further aid in this work. Classify trees as to the manner of growth and explain how the structure affects their value as building material. Give the characteristics of the four parts of the section of a conifershown in Fig.
What effect do the medullary rays have on the lumber of such trees as the maple and oak? What are the common defects of timber? Mention the best framing lumber.
What qualities recommend the kind mentioned? White pinered cypressand poplar are usually considered the best lumbers to use in exposed positions. Classify lumber as hard wood and soft wood. State the more common uses of each kind. Name the common tools used in woodworking. How does the action of the rip saw differ from that of the cross-cut saw?
Explain the uses of each kind of plane. What operations constitute " laying out "? Give directions for constructing and setting batter-boards. From the information given in the text, discuss the availability of the different kinds of wood to be used for shingles.
Name the three parts of a steel square. What is the usual cause of dry rot and how may this be overcome? Name the principal parts of a frame. Illustrate and describe a splice joint ; a square butt joint ; an oblique butt joint.
Illustrate three different methods of joining joists to girders. Upon what does the strength of the joint shown in Fig."कारपेंटर ITI"carpenter model question paper -- ITI EXAM --2020
Under what circumstances would the dovetail key illustrated in Fig. When would you use the method illustrated in Fig. Give the special advantages of the balloon frame and state why, in your opinion, it has become so popular.Gives the new trainee a grasp of the basics of carpentry.
Aims to familiarize persons who have had no carpentry experience with the tools and materials of the trade. Covers specifications, estimating procedures, codes, and how to read prints and plans. Review a full course list for Building Maintenance Technician. Safety clothing, accessories, and equipment; Layout tools; Framing square; Chalk box and line; Vises and clamps; Hand tools. Power tool safety; Circular, saber, and reciprocating saw; Power drill and plane; Routers; Sanders; Nailers and tackers; Powder-actuated tools.
Ordering materials; Reducing and using waste material; Bill of materials; Preparing a cost estimate; Tips for organizing a task. Reading drawings; Dimensions on drawings; Symbols in drawings; Equipment schedules; Building codes and permits; Zoning laws. Go Hide nav. Select site: Online Training Live Training. Corporate License. Lesson 1 - Layout and Hand Tools Topics: Safety clothing, accessories, and equipment; Layout tools; Framing square; Chalk box and line; Vises and clamps; Hand tools Learning Objectives: — Identify the safety equipment that a carpenter should wear to protect his eyes, hands, and feet.
Lesson 2 - Carpenter's Power Tools Topics: Power tool safety; Circular, saber, and reciprocating saw; Power drill and plane; Routers; Sanders; Nailers and tackers; Powder-actuated tools Learning Objectives: — List the twelve safety rules for power tools mentioned in this Lesson.
Lesson 4 - Estimating Carpentry Costs Topics: Ordering materials; Reducing and using waste material; Bill of materials; Preparing a cost estimate; Tips for organizing a task Learning Objectives: — Explain the difference between a board foot and a linear foot of lumber. Lesson 5 - Plans, Specifications, and Codes Topics: Reading drawings; Dimensions on drawings; Symbols in drawings; Equipment schedules; Building codes and permits; Zoning laws Learning Objectives: — Name the features of a building that you'll find in the plan and elevation views.
All Rights Reserved. Register for Seminars here.When applying to become a carpenter you will encounter a pre-apprenticeship exam. Each carpenter test is different, however, there are universal primary subjects that are covered in the pre-training testing phase.
Expect to encounter arithmetic computation and reasoning, applicable mathematics and science, mechanical comprehension, spatial reasoning and reading comprehension. Carpenters enjoy a creative, interesting and lucrative field. If this is the industry that captivates your interest, it is well worth your time and effort to prepare for the apprentice test.
Your future in the carpenter trade depends on your test scores. When applying to be a carpenter you will most likely encounter a pre-apprentice carpenter exam. Each exam is different than one another. Format — The apprenticeship exam is formatted as multiple-choice. Keep in mind that some exams may have short answers; and other carpenter tests may vary the format from section to section. However, multiple-choice is the usual type of question found in the vast majority of carpenter apprenticeship tests.
Content — Each test is different from one another. Below is a list of sections that are typically found on a carpenter test.
Introduction to Carpentry
This is a multiple-choice exam to be completed within a timeframe of three hours. There are three main sections:. JobTestPrep provides you with test format to prepare you for the carpenter exam. JobTestPrep has developed an affordable and thorough apprentice exam preparation program focused on placing you into a carpenter apprenticeship.
Browse Topics. Get Started Now. Trade Apprenticeship Test. Boilermaker Apprentice Exam Practice. Prepare for the Boilermaker Apprenticeship exam with online practice. EIAT Practice. Numerical, English, mechanical, and more.
Not what you were looking for? Let us help you :. Need Help. Please fill out the form below and we will contact you soon.Test your basic knowledge. Subjects : industriescarpentry. Instructions: Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes. If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here. Match each statement with the correct term. Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.
This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time. Metal tool designed to be driven by a hammer - and which is used to make mortises and other rectangular holes in wood.
Speed square Coping saw Miter box Wood chisel 2. Tool used for quick layout of angles - particular for rafters. Rabbet Dado Face nailing Speed square 3. Wood-boring bit with a piloting screw tip. Toenailing Auger bits Wallboard saw Twist drills 4. Saws designed to cut in the direction that is parallel to the wood grain.
Rip saws Hacksaws Clamps Rabbet 5. The forward end of tools - such as a handsaw and hand plane. Shark tooth saw Aviation snips Toe Combination square 6. Prying tool used to remove nails that have been driven all the way.
Trammel points Crosscut saws Rabbet Nail claw 7. String in a box with colored powder used to establish straight lines. Shark tooth saw Chalk line Expansive bit Framing hammer 8.
Heavier ounce hammers used in framing. Framing hammer Wrecking bar Dado Rip saws 9. A fixed or adjustable tool for guiding handsaws in cutting miter joints or in making cross cuts.
Bench plane Miter box Coping saw Crosscut saws Grade Answers as You Go. The main purpose of a joist hanger is to hold a joist 90 degrees to any type of beam as per the building code. All hangers are to be nailed with specific hanger nails in all available holes.
Incorrect answer. Please choose another answer. Most tape measures are divided into 16ths per inch and bolder lines for balance of fractions. A 16 ounce curved claw hammer is a basic all-purpose hammer used in carpentry. The others listed are for specific applications. Clips are used when sheathing roofs framed with trusses due to being 24 inch on center. The clip holds the plywood from being too weak between spans. The answer is calculated by subtracting each of the cu.
PL is a construction adhesive used in securing plywood to joist and other wood to wood surfaces. Stairs are calculated by rise and run for a specific opening. The tread and rise would never be equal. This is the narrow channel left behind by the saw and the measure of its width. Factors are blade, blade teeth and wobble of cut. Large rectangular objects are squared by either using the method or by taking diagonal measurements.
The framing square is too small for large areas. Simply multiply x Divide Remember you need to change fraction to decimal and decimal to fraction. The largest number closest to the decimal would be the greatest value. Add all four dimensions together changing fractions to 16ths to calculate answer.
Add all four measurements. Total all inches and change to feet before calculating. A right triangle is half of a square so 10 x 10 would be sq ft divided by 2 equals 50 sq.
Kickback happens when the saw binds between the two pieces not allowing it to pass completely through.A couple of summers ago, I took a leave from my desk job to work with the three-man carpentry crew that was building my family's new house.
I didn't know much of anything about carpentry skills, but I wanted to learn and was eager to participate. One day during the initial framing, I was talking with the utility company worker who was hooking up our temporary power line. If you have any more than that, one of them's usually a lunt who does more harm than good. That was me, all right—I was pretty incompetent. But I learned.
Carpenter Certification Tests
And, as a result, I may not be a professional carpenter, but I am past the initial mismeasure and misnail stage. So with the help of two contractor friends, Bill McCurdy and Chris CrossonI'd like to share some building lore for other people who don't know a speed square from a chalk line and might feel a bit embarrassed about that lack of knowledge.
Anybody already competent with such tools can stop reading now—you won't learn anything new here. This article contains those basic tips that real carpenters don't often deign to tell beginning ones. It's just for us lunts. The real secret to carpentry, one friend told me, is to not misplace your tools. That may sound so obvious it's stupid, but it's not half as stupid as you'll feel the first day you spend more time hunting tools than using them.
So, right off the bat, buy yourself a tool belt. Stash your gear in those leather pouches, and you won't have to retrace all your steps every time you need the tape measure. By the way, you know what a carpenter's most important tool is? I was shocked to realize this: a pencil. Carpentry involves constant figuring and measuring.
So if you ain't got a pencil, you cain't build. Let's talk about that tape measure. Notice how the metal tab on the end of that thing's kinda loose? It's not busted my first suspicion. Rather, that tab Figure 1 pushes in when you measure from the inside of a board and pulls out when you measure from the outside—so it self-corrects for its own width. Never give that looseness another thought; just measure away, you'll be OK.
Do use the same tape for the whole job, though, in case one tape's tab moves more than another's. Measure twice, cut once: Even professional carpenters try to follow that axiom to avoid sawing boards the wrong length. That makes repeating a measurement before you cut mandatory for us beginners I've measured three times when I was nervous.
Take care to read the tape accurately, noting the right number of inches and fractions thereof. When you read a tape upside down, don't mistake 26 inches for 29 inches—and don't accidentally think you're reading 7 feet 10 inches when you're really reading 6 feet 10 inches These are really very easy mistakes to make, because we normally read left to right, but you have to read an upside-down tape right to left.
How do you measure higher than you can reach? Let a lot of tape out so you can run it past the end point you're measuring.
It'll curve back toward your hand, but as long as the tape's straight to the end point, your measurement will be straight, as well Figure 2. Use the same tape-bending trick when you're measuring against an inside wall and can't run the measure past your end point. Or if the tape measure case is an exact width, like 2 inches or 3 inchesyou can just run it into the wall and add its width—don't forget to do this—to the tape length you see.
OK, you've measured twice. That V, or "crow's-foot," is a more accurate way to mark an exact spot than a penciled line. You might get thrown off by the width of a line or the fact that it may not be perpendicular to the board, but a V points to precisely the right spot. It also makes a big mark that is easy to spot that's important.What are the Basic Area and Volume Formulas?
What are 3 Useful Trigonometry Concepts? Bud Caldwell, one of the best Superintendents I ever worked with, taught me the value of changing inches into decimal feet.
We were reviewing a shop drawing for a piece of equipment with lots of anchor bolts, and everything was in feet, inches and fractions of an inch. In his head, he quickly converted the inches and fractions of an inch into decimal feet, so we could easily add and check dimensions.
He showed me a wonderful little trick of the trade that I've used for over 25 years. The inches to decimal feet conversion table shows illustrates the information. As you know, adding fractions challenges most of us. We probably learned the concept of lowest common denominator at some point, but struggle to remember how to actually use it. So to add feet and inches, we have to deal with fractions and with that 12" in a foot concept, which means we have to add by hand, using pencil and paper.
Special calculators for adding feet, inches and fractions of inches are available, but they always seemed difficult to use for me. So adding a string of dimensions in feet, inches and fractions of an inch gets much easier if we can simply convert to decimal feet.
Let's use accessible route as an example. The sidewalk between the parking space and the front door has a distance of 30'. Then subtract To find the slope, divide the grade change of 1. So it works. To figure how much concrete to order for a slab on grade, you need to know some basic area and volume formulas. Most of us understand that length times the width times the thickness gives us the volume.
We may need a bit more help, though, when the things aren't rectangular or other complexities arise. Let's start with an example and work through how to utilize the geometry of common shapes. Hopefully, the example above makes sense to you and simply illustrates a few useful concepts. If you need some help understanding the example, you may want to review the US Navy Basic Math and Algebra training class. This course give lots of basic and more advanced information for understanding math.
The areas and volumes of common geometric shapes probably don't need to be memorized. It's usually simple just to know where to easily find the formulas.
By knowing how to use these formulas, you will be able to solve many construction problems, such as:. These questions and many more get solved by knowing how to calculate the areas and volumes of Common Geometric Shapes.
I remember learning how to convert units in Biology Class in high school.